Effects of tinnitus masking therapy in tinnitus patients with and without hearing loss
Elif Tugba Sarac, Cengiz Arli
Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hatay, Turkey
Aim: The aim of the study is to determine the effects of tinnitus masking therapy on patients with and without hearing loss.
Material and Methods: This study includes a total 34 of patients with tinnitus, between 27 and 70 years of age, 16 of whom with and 18 of whom without hearing loss. The patients with and above 25 dB were added to the group without hearing loss and those below 25 dB to the group with hearing loss. The patients had one session each day. Previously determined and appropriate for tinnitus mapping, sound was made to be listened through TDH 39-P model earphones for 30 minutes during the therapy. Before and after the ten-sessions therapies, the effects of masking therapy on the patients were assessed through Tinnitus Handicap Inventory.
Result: Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores were found significantly low in patients with and without hearing loss after tinnitus masking therapy (p =0.026 and p = 0.023). And, in comparison made between the groups, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores before and after tinnitus masking therapy were found to be similar(p<0.05).
Conclusion: Both groups benefited from masking therapy at similar levels. Tinnitus masking therapy is effective on both patients with and without hearing loss. The success of masking therapy is related to proper patient selection. Regular follow-up is essential.