The effect of hope on the treatment adherence of schizophrenia patients
Funda Kavak1, Emine Yilmaz2
1Inonu University Nursing Faculty, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Malatya, Turkey
2Bingol University, Faculty of Nursing, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Bingol, Turkey
Aim: This study was conducted to determine the effects of hope on treatment adherence in schizophrenia patients.
Material and Methods: Between January 2018 and May 2018, 250 adult patients were diagnosed with schizophrenia at a mental health and illness hospital. The study included 105 patients who were in remission without sampling and who were open to communication and collaboration and who agreed to participate in the study. In the data collection, the Descriptive Properties Form, the Herth Hope Scale and the Morisky Treatment Adherence Scale were used by the researchers. In the analysis of data, percentage distribution, arithmetic mean, independent samples t-test, Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis, ANOVA, and Correlation models were used.
Results: In the study, it was found that 60.95% of schizophrenia patients had low treatment adherence. Herth hope scale total score average was 39.20±8.49 in the patients who participated in the study. In the present study, there was a statistically positive correlation between the Herth hope scale subscale and the total score average and the total score average of the Morisky treatment compliance scale (p<.05).
Conclusions: As a result of the research, it was determined that schizophrenia patients are incompatible with treatment and hope levels are low. As the hope of schizophrenia patients increases, their adherence to treatment is also increasing. Increasing the awareness of the psychiatric nurses to the concept of hope can help the patient to act as a supportive internal force.
Keywords: Patient; Schizophrenia; Adherence To Treatment; Hope.