Annals of Medical Research (Ann Med Res) is an international, open access, peer reviewed journal committed to promoting the highest standards of scientific exchange and education. The journal is the official publication of İnönü University School of Medicine and is published monthly.

The official language of the journal are English.  Manuscripts must be written in English and must meet the requirements of the journal. All manuscripts which will be published in the journal must be in accordance with research and publication ethics. The aim of the Annals of Medical Researchs is to publish original research papers of the highest scientific and clinical value in all medical fields.

In all fields of general medicine, editorial comment/discussion, invited review, original research, case report, letters to the editor, and surgical technique studies in the basic and clinical sciences are evaluated for publishing. 

The target audience of the journal includes researchers, physicians, and healthcare professionals who are interested in or working in all medical disciplines.

Review article, will not be accepted in Annals of Medical Research from now on (01/04/2021). Review article, will also receive immediate rejection.

Manuscript submission: All manuscripts should be submitted through the online system of the journal at Articles submitted in other formats will not be considered.

Publication Fee

Annals of Medical Research is an open access journal and the expenses of the Annals of Medical Research journal were compensated by its own sources until now. Starting from June 15th of 2021, authors are required to pay an article processing fee to ensure articles are evaluated as quickly as possible and better consultancy and editing services.

Article processing fee is TL 1500 (Turkish Liras)  or equal amount USD for all articles.

This fee must be paid in advance before providing consultancy and editing services. This amount will not be repaid in cases where the authors withdraw their articles at any stage and for any reason, or if the article is rejected. Article processing fee exemption are not available for any author. 

This fee is no  way related to our journal’s editors and reviewers who voluntarily contribute the scientific evaluations of manuscripts.

The Editor-in-Chief may reject articles without being sent to peers.

Annals of Medical Research has no legal or financial liability due to this fees.

The article number released at the last stage of the article upload process must be written in the bank shipment description section.

Bank Account Information for Depositing Article Processing Fee

The liable corporation is: Inonu University Faculty of Medicine

Account Name: İnönü Üniveritesi Turgut Özal Tıp Merkezi Döner Sermaye İşletme Müdürlüğü

International Bank Account Number (IBAN) for TL is Ziraat Bank

İnönü Şubesi TR 32 0001 0014 9035 0098 2350 18

(USD) Swift Code: TC2B 2A


Annals of Medical Research publishes Original Articles on clinical and experimental research related to any area of medicine. Editorials, Letter to the Editor, Invited Review Articles, Case Reports and Technical note on clinical observations may also be considered. By submitting a manuscript to this journal, authors accept that their manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works.

The corresponding author will receive an e-mail that informs the status of manuscript at any step of reviewing and publishing process. Annals of Medical Research  (Ann Med Res) now offers Accepted Articles for all articles within a short time of acceptance. All process will be completed within one or three months from the receiving of submitted manuscript.

Policy of screening for plagiarism:  Annals of Medical Researchsis extremely sensitive about plagiarism. All submissions are screened by a similarity detection software (iThenticate by CrossCheck) at any point during the peer-review and/or production process. Even if you are the author of the phrases or sentences, the text should not have an unacceptable similarity with the previously published data. Those with an overall similarity index of greater than 21%, or duplication rate at or higher than 5% with a single source are returned back to authors without further evaluation along with the similarity report.

Preprint Policy

Preprints are precursor version of a document (scientific paper, project report, or other) that has not yet been peer reviewed, but that may, if corrected and submitted to a scholarly journal for peer review, have a similar content to the final published version. Unless it meets a very urgent and important need scientifically, it is not desirable to upload the articles to various systems as preprints due to there are several concerns about preprints. The authors should clearly state that manuscript published as preprinted before and give the DOI number of preprint version during submission. Changing of DOI number of peer reviewed accepted version to preprint version was completely authors responsibility.

Editorial and Publication Process

The editorial and publication processes of the journal are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of the International Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal conforms to the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (
Originality, high scientific quality, and citation potential are the most important criteria for a manuscript to be accepted for publication. Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should not have been previously presented or already published in an electronic or printed medium. The journal should be informed of manuscripts that have been submitted to another journal for evaluation and rejected for publication. The submission of previous reviewer reports will expedite the evaluation process. Manuscripts that have been presented in a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the organization, including the name, date, and location of the organization.

Peer Review Process

The peer review process is double-blind, i.e., both authors and referees are kept anonymous. Pre-evaluation process of each submission is carried out by the Editorial Board. Manuscripts may be rejected without peer review by the editorin-chief if they do not comply with the instructions to authors or if they are beyond the scope of the journal. Any manuscript that does not conform to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, as reported at, will also be rejected. Manuscripts are scanned for plagiarism or duplication. In case of an ethical issue on plagiarism or duplication, the Editorial Board will act in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The manuscripts which pass this stage are assigned to at least two double-blind peer-reviewers with a statistics reviewer. Reviewers are selected among independent experts who has published publications in the international literature on the submission subject and received considerable amount of citations. Research articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses are also reviewed by a biostatistician. By submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors accept that editor may implement changes on their manuscripts including misleading statements and mistypings, as long as the main idea of the manuscript is not interfered.  Manuscripts submitted to The Annals of Medical Research will go through a double-blind peer-review process. Each submission will be reviewed by at least two external, independent peer reviewers who are experts in their fields to ensure an unbiased evaluation process. The editorial board will invite an external and independent editor to manage the evaluation processes of manuscripts submitted by editors or by the editorial board members of the journal. The Editor-inChief is the final authority in the decision-making process for all submissions.

Ethical Procedures

An approval of research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki “Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects,” amended in October 2013, is required for experimental, clinical, and drug studies and for some case reports. If required, ethics committee reports or an equivalent official document will be requested from the authors. For manuscripts concerning experimental research on humans, a statement should be included that shows that written informed consent of patients and volunteers was obtained following a detailed explanation of the procedures that they may undergo. For studies carried out on animals, the measures taken to prevent the pain and suffering of the animals should be stated clearly. Information about patient consent, the name of the ethics committee, and the ethics committee approval number should be stated both in the Materials and Methods section of the article and on one of the first or last pages. It is the authors’ responsibility to protect the patients’ anonymity carefully.

For photographs that may reveal the identity of the patients, signed releases of the patient or their legal representative should be enclosed, and the publication approval must be provided in the Materials and Methods section.

When you are discussing others' (or your own) previous work, please make sure that you cite the material correctly in every instance.

In the event of alleged or suspected research misconduct, e.g., plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, the Editorial Board will follow and act following COPE guidelines.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, 2019). Principles of Transparency and Best Practices. Retrieve from here.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, 2019). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (updated). Retrieve from here.

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, 2019). Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers. Retrieve from here.    

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, 2019). Flowcharts. Retrieve from here

Each person listed as an author should fulfill the authorship criteria recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - The ICMJE recommends that authorship is based on the following four criteria:

1.Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

2.Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

3.Final approval of the version to be published; AND

4.Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he/she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Also, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged on the title page of the manuscript.

Annals of Medical Researchs requires corresponding authors to submit a signed and scanned version of the authorship contribution form (available for download through the initial submission process to act appropriately on authorship rights and to prevent ghost or honorary authorship. If the editorial board suspects a case of “gift authorship,” the submission will be rejected without further review. As part of the submission of the manuscript, the corresponding author should also send a short statement declaring that he/she accepts to undertake all the responsibility for authorship during the submission and review stages of the manuscript.

Declaration of Interest

Annals of Medical Researchs requires and encourages the authors and the individuals involved in the evaluation process of submitted manuscripts to disclose any existing or potential conflicts of interest, including financial, consultant, and institutional, that might lead to potential bias or a conflict of interest. Any financial grants or other support received for a submitted study from individuals or institutions should be disclosed to the Editorial Board. To disclose a potential conflict of interest, the ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form should be filled in and submitted by all contributing authors. The journal’s Editorial Board resolves cases of a potential conflict of interest of the editors, authors, or reviewers within the scope of COPE and ICMJE guidelines.

The Editorial Board of the journal handles all appeal and complaint cases within the scope of COPE guidelines. In such cases, authors should get in direct contact with the editorial office regarding their appeals and complaints. When needed, an ombudsperson may be assigned to resolve claims that cannot be resolved internally. The Editor in Chief is the final authority in the decision-making process for all appeals and complaints.

Copyright and License

Annals of Medical Researchsrequires each submission to be accompanied by a Copyright Agreement and Acknowledgement of Authorship Form (available for download when using previously published content, including figures, tables, or any other material in both print and electronic formats, authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder. Legal, financial and criminal liabilities in this regard belong to the author(s). By signing this form authors retain the copyright of their work and agree that the article, if accepted for publication by the Annals of Medical Researchswill be licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).

Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in Annals of Medical Research sreflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors, the editorial board, or the publisher; the editors, the editorial board, and the publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials. The final responsibility regarding the published content rests with the authors.

Manuscript Preparation

The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2019 - Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with the CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies, STROBE guidelines for observational original research studies, STARD guidelines for studies on diagnostic accuracy, PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies, and TREND guidelines for non-randomized public behavior. Please ensure your case report or case series is compliant with the SCARE Guidelines and submit a completed. Please ensure your case series is compliant with the PROCESS Guidelines.

Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system, available at submitted via any other medium and submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be evaluated.

Manuscripts submitted to the journal will first go through a technical evaluation process where the editorial office staff will ensure that the manuscript has been prepared and submitted in accordance with the journal’s guidelines. Submissions that do not conform to the journal’s guidelines will be returned to the submitting author with technical correction requests.

Authors are required to submit the following:

  • Copyright Agreement and Acknowledgement of Authorship Formand
  • ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form (should be filled in by all contributing authors) during the initial submission. These forms are available for download at

The process for handling cases requiring corrections, retractions, and editorial expressions of concern

Corrections, Retractions & Expressions of Concern

To provide a better service to the researchers in the academic community, the Annals of Medical Research  Surgery believes that clarity in the publishing record is a must for information distribution. Recognizing a published article as a finalized “Version of Record” indicates that it is accurate, complete, and citable. The Annals of Medical Research  Surgery defines this Version of Record as the initial article publication for open access journals.

It is assumed that manuscripts report on the work based on honest observations. However, occasionally information becomes available which may contradict this. In such cases, the Annals of Medical Research applies Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on corrections, retractions, and expressions of concern.

Corrections: Errors in published papers may be identified that requires publication of a correction in the form of a corrigendum or erratum. Since articles can be read and cited as soon as they are published, any changes thereafter could potentially impact those who read and cited the earlier version. The Annals of Medical Research provides authors an opportunity to review the article proofs prior to publication with the purpose of ensuring the accuracy of the content. Publishing an erratum or corrigendum increases the likelihood readers will find out about the change and also explains the specifics of the change.

Corrigenda and Errata will appear on a numbered page and contain the citation of the original article. If these corrections are insufficient to address an error, the Editor-in-Chief will handle them on a case-by-case basis. Inadequacies arising from the normal course of new scientific research are not within the scope of this and do not require any correction or withdrawal.

Expressions of Concern & Retractions: Where substantial doubt arises as to the honesty or integrity of a submitted or published article, it is the Editor-in-Chief's responsibility to ensure that the matter is adequately addressed, usually by the authors' sponsoring institution. In general, the Editor-in-Chief is not responsible for conducting the investigation or making a definite decision. The Editor-in-Chief should be promptly informed of the decision of the sponsoring institution and a retraction printed should it be determined that a fraudulent paper was published. Alternatively, the Editor-in-Chief may choose to publish an expression of concern over the aspects of the conduct or integrity of the work.

Retractions will appear on a numbered page and contain the citation of the original article.

Changes to Authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.

Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

Preparation of the Manuscript

Title page: A separate title page should be submitted with all submissions and this page should include:

  • The full title of the manuscript as well as a short title (running head) of no more than 50 characters,
  • Include only full names of the authors directly affiliated with the work. The maximum number of authors is eight for original articles, five for case reports and “How to Do It” articles, three for interesting images, and correspondence. Exceeding numbers will have to be justified to the Editor. Include the name and location of no more than two institutional affiliations where the work was actually done. If more than one department or institution are given, indicate affiliation of each author.
  • Name(s), affiliations, highest academic degree(s), and ORCID IDs of the author(s),•  Grant information and detailed information on the other sources of support,
  • Name, address, telephone (including the mobile phone number), and email address of the corresponding author,
  • Acknowledgment of the individuals who contributed to the preparation of the manuscript but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria.


The Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) number of each author must be submitted when creating an account for correspondence. To obtain an ORCID number, please visit

Abstract: An abstract should be submitted with all submissions except for Letters to the Editor. The abstract of Original Articles should be structured with subheadings (Objective, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusion). Please check Table 1 below for word count specifications.

Keywords: Each submission must be accompanied by a minimum of three to a maximum of six keywords for subject indexing at the end of the abstract. The words should be separated by a semicolon (;). The keywords should be listed in full without abbreviations. The keywords should be selected from the National Library of Medicine, Medical Subject Headings database (

Manuscript Types

Original Articles: This is the most important type of article since it provides new information based on original research. The main text of original articles should be structured with Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion subheadings. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Original Articles.
Statistical analysis to support conclusions is usually necessary. Statistical analyses must be conducted in accordance with international statistical reporting standards (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Information on statistical analyses should be provided with a separate subheading under the Materials and Methods section and the statistical software that was used during the process must be specified.
Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).
Review Articles: Reviews prepared by authors who have extensive knowledge on a particular field and whose scientific background has been translated into a high volume of publications with a high citation potential are welcomed. These authors may even be invited by the journal. Reviews should describe, discuss, and evaluate the current level of knowledge of a topic in clinical practice and should guide future studies. The main text should contain Introduction, Clinical and Research Consequences, and Conclusion sections. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Review Articles.

Case Reports: Brief descriptions of a previously undocumented disease process, a unique unreported manifestation or treatment of a known disease process, or unique unreported complications of treatment regimens. Case reports should include an adequate number of images and figures. Case reports should be accompanied by “Informed Consent” whether the identity of the patients is disclosed or not. The “Informed Consent Form” is available at

Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Case Report.

Letters to the Editor: Two types of letter are welcome. One is comment on a recently published article in our journal and the other one is case report.  The comments should be written in a logical way to discuss important parts, overlooked aspects or lacking part of the paper. As a case report we only accept for publication the reports on rare cases or conditions that constitute challenges in diagnosis and treatment, those offering new therapies or revealing knowledge not included in the literature, and interesting and educative cases. The text for case reports should include Introduction, Case Report, and Discussion, subheadings. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Letter to Editor.

References: While citing publications, preference should be given to the latest, most up-to-date publications. If an ahead-of-print publication is cited, the DOI number should be provided. References should be written in compliance with Vancouver style (see. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus/ MEDLINE/PubMed. When there are four or fewer authors, all authors should be listed. If there are five or more authors, the first three authors should be listed followed by “et al.” In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited using Arabic numbers in parentheses. The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples. References should be limited to 10 for letters to the editor, 20 for case reports, 40 for clinical/experimental reports and 60 for review articles. Journal abbreviations should conform to the style used in the Cumulated Index Medicus (please see Journal articles, books, web pages, conference presentations, newspapers, audio-visual sources like CDs and DVDs, articles pending for publication, theses, and dissertations can be used as references.

Reference Format for Journal Articles: Authors’ initials, surnames and names, article titles, journal titles, date, volume, number and pagination must be indicated. E.g.:

For Journal Articles

Celbis O, Karakoc Y, Ozdemir B, et al. Investigation of lead mobilization from the buckshot residues to the critical organs. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;143:688-94.

For Book References

DiMaio WJ, DiMaio D. Time of death. In: Forensic Pathology. 2nd edition. CRC Press, London, 2001;21-42.

Madea B, Henssge C. Timing of death. In: Payne-James J, Busuttil A, Smock W, eds, Forensic Medicine: Clinical Pathological Aspects. London: Greenwich Medical Media Ltd. 2003;91-114.

For Internet References

Beware: Toy Noise may be too loud for kids. http://hearingaiddocs. access date 22.04.2013

For Congress Presentations

Brandes U, Wagner D. A Bayesian paradigm for dynamic graph layout. 11th International Symposium on Graph Drawing, 12-15 November 2003. New York, USA, 236-47.

For Newspaper References

Susan S. How to prevent breast cancer. Australian 23 October 2003.

For CD-ROM References

The Oxford English Dictionary [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1992.

For Accepted Articles

Kaya A, Aktas EO. Perception differences between in violence against child. Med-Science. Published Online: Nov 19, 2013.

For Thesis

Karakoc Y. Biological effect of direct electrical current in essential (idiopathic) hyperhidrosis. Ph.D. thesis, Istanbul University, Istanbul, 1996.

In case of use of a previously published table, figure or illustration, reference of the material must be cited in reference list.

In case of use of a previously published table, figure or illustration, reference of the material must be cited in reference list.

Table 1. Limitations For Each Manuscript Type

Article Type

Abstract Word Limit

Reference Limit

Table Limit

Figure Limit

Original Article





Review Article





Case Report





Letter to the Editor





Tables should be included in the main document, presented after the reference list, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text. A descriptive title must be placed above the tables. Abbreviations used in the tables should be defined below the tables by footnotes (even if they are defined within the main text). Tables should be created using the “insert table” command of the word processing software and they should be arranged clearly to provide easy reading. Data presented in the tables should not be a repetition of the data presented within the main text but should be supporting the main text.

Figures and Figure Legends

Figures, graphics, and photographs should be submitted as separate files (in TIFF or JPEG format) through the submission system. The files should not be embedded in a Word document or the main document. When there are figure subunits, the subunits should not be merged to form a single image. Each subunit should be submitted separately through the submission system. Images should not be labeled (a, b, c, etc.) to indicate figure subunits. Thick and thin arrows, arrowheads, stars, asterisks, and similar marks can be used on the images to support figure legends. Like the rest of the submission, the figures too should be blind. Any information within the images that may indicate an individual or institution should be blinded. The minimum resolution of each submitted figure should be 300 DPI. To prevent delays in the evaluation process, all submitted figures should be clear in resolution and large in size (minimum dimensions: 100 × 100 mm). Figure legends should be listed at the end of the main document.

All acronyms and abbreviations used in the manuscript should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text. The abbreviation should be provided in parentheses following the definition.

When a drug, product, hardware, or software program is mentioned within the main text, product information, including the name of the product, the producer of the product, and city and the country of the company (including the state if in USA), should be provided in parentheses in the following format: “Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)”

All references, tables, and figures should be referred to within the main text, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text.
Limitations, drawbacks, and the shortcomings of original articles should be mentioned in the Discussion section before the conclusion paragraph.


Authors must indicate the changes on the main text while resubmitting revised files, and also answers to each reviewer suggestions separately must be included in the letter. Page and line number of corrections must be included as well. Revised form of manuscripts must be sent to journal within 30 days, otherwise revision option may be canceled. Warning letter will be sent and then after 7 days, manuscript will be rejected. If authors need extension of time for revisions anyhow, the journal must be informed before the deadline of revision.

Proofs and Publication DOI Number

Accepted manuscripts are copyedited for grammar, punctuation, and format. Following the copyediting process, the authors will be asked to review and approve the changes made during the process. Authors will be contacted for a second time after the layout process and will be asked to review and approve the PDF proof of their article for publication. Once the production process of a manuscript is completed it is published online on the journal’s webpage as an ahead-of-print publication before it is included in its scheduled issue.


The submitted papers will be published upon the editorial board’s approval. Rejected manuscripts and their attachments (photographs, tables, graphics, and diskettes) will not be returned unless otherwise requested by the authors.


For Correspondence:
Annals of Medical Research Editorial Office,
Inonu University School of Medicine
Malatya, 44069, TÜRKİYE
Phone: 90 422 341 06 60  
Fax: 90 422 341 0728 or 90 422 341 0036