Botulinum toxin-A injection improves motor recovery in patients with stroke

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Arzu Atici
Selin Bozkurt Alp
Ilknur Aktas
Pinar Akpinar
Feyza Unlu Ozkan


Aim: Spasticity that occurs after a stroke may contribute to disability. Botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) injections are commonly used to manage spasticity. This study sought to determine the effectiveness of BTX-A injections on spasticity and motor recovery in patients with stroke.

Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients with stroke scheduled for BTX-A injection for spasticity were included in the study. The patients were analyzed in two groups: upper limb and lower limb group. A single dose of BTX-A  was applied to the patients. Before, 2, and 12 weeks after BTX-A injections, motor function was assessed using Brunnstrom recovery stages, and spasticity was evaluated according to Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS). The lower limb group additionally underwent the Functional Ambulation Classification (FAC) and 10-meter walking test.

Results: Mean age of patients was 54.96 ± 12.84 years.  Eighteen patients were enrolled in the upper limb group and 23 in the lower limb group. Clinical evaluation of the upper limb group two weeks after injections demonstrated a significant decrease in shoulder adductor muscle MAS, elbow, wrist, and finger flexor muscles MAS, and a significant improvement in Brunnstrom recovery stages for the upper limb and hand (p<0.05). At week 12, spasticity decreased only for the shoulder adductor muscles. In the lower limb group, clinical evaluation at week 2 showed a decrease in the knee extensor and toe flexor muscles MAS. Assessment of the patients at week 12 found a significant improvement in Brunnstrom recovery stage for the lower limbs (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant recovery in the FAC and 10-meter walking test (p>0.05).

Conclusion: This study supports that BTX-A injections are effective for improving spasticity and motor function in patients with stroke.


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How to Cite
Atici, A., Bozkurt Alp, S., Aktas, I., Akpinar, P., & Unlu Ozkan, F. (2023). Botulinum toxin-A injection improves motor recovery in patients with stroke. Annals of Medical Research, 30(9), 992–996. Retrieved from
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